Preference vs Aversion: A Dissociation
Your preferences can be incompatible with your aversions
(and thereby with primary motivational states).
This shows that there is not a single system of preferences in rats or humans.
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: For states to be inferentially integrated means that: (a) they can come to be nonaccidentally
related in ways that are approximately rational thanks to processes of inference and practical reasoning;
(b) in the absence of obstacles such as time pressure, distraction, motivations to be
irrational, self-deception or exhaustion, approximately rational harmony will
characteristically be maintained among those states that are currently active.
Balleine, B., & Dickinson, A. (1991). Instrumental performance following reinforcer devaluation depends upon incentive learning. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section B
(3), 279–296. https://doi.org/10.1080/14640749108401271
Dickinson, A., & Balleine, B. (1994). Motivational control of goal-directed action. Animal Learning & Behavior
(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03199951